BUG #15597: possible bug in amcheck/amcheck_next (or corrupted index?)

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BUG #15597: possible bug in amcheck/amcheck_next (or corrupted index?)

apt.postgresql.org Repository Update
The following bug has been logged on the website:

Bug reference:      15597
Logged by:          Andreas Kunert
Email address:      [hidden email]
PostgreSQL version: 11.1
Operating system:   Ubuntu 16.04.5 LTS
Description:        

Hello,

I observed the following behavior in Postgres 9.6.?/10.6/11.1 running under
Debian/Debian/Ubuntu on three different servers:

CREATE TABLE foo
(
  a integer,
  b character(255),
  c character(255),
  d character(255),
  e character(25),
  g date,
  h date,
  i date,
  j character(255),
  k character(255),
  m character(10),
  n character(255),
  o character(1),
  p character(4),
  q character(1),
  r integer,
  t character(255),
  u character(50),
  v character(100)
);
CREATE INDEX i_foo ON foo USING btree (b COLLATE pg_catalog."default", c
COLLATE pg_catalog."default");

select oid, relname from pg_class where relname like 'i_foo';
-- result is e.g. 12345

select bt_index_check(12345, true);
-- result: everything ok

INSERT INTO foo(a,b,c,d,e,g,h,i,j,k,m,n,o,p,q,r,t,u,v) VALUES ('1', 'b',
'c', 'd', 'e', '2000-01-01', '2000-01-01', NULL, 'j', 'k', 'm', 'n', 'o',
'p', 'q', '2', 't', 'u', 'v');
-- result: ok

select bt_index_check(12345, true);
-- result: ERROR:  heap tuple (0,1) from table "foo" lacks matching index
tuple within index "i_foo"

reindex table foo;
select bt_index_check(12345, true);
-- result: everything ok again, but after adding another row:

INSERT INTO foo(a,b,c,d,e,g,h,i,j,k,m,n,o,p,q,r,t,u,v) VALUES ('1', 'b',
'c', 'd', 'e', '2000-01-01', '2000-01-01', NULL, 'j', 'k', 'm', 'n', 'o',
'p', 'q', '2', 't', 'u', 'v');

select bt_index_check(12345, true);
-- result: ERROR:  heap tuple (0,2) from table "foo" lacks matching index
tuple within index "i_foo"

Despite the error message I suspect the index being ok since I can find the
aforementioned tuples by using it:

explain select * from foo where b='b' and c='c'
-- result: Index Scan using i_foo on foo...
select * from foo where b='b' and c='c'
-- result: 2 rows

I tried to simplify the example table as much as possible - if I remove more
columns or reduce some of the char(n) lengths, the error does not appear.

Moreover I hope you can reproduce the behavior.

Regards,
Andreas

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Re: BUG #15597: possible bug in amcheck/amcheck_next (or corrupted index?)

Peter Geoghegan-4
On Thu, Jan 17, 2019 at 6:00 AM PG Bug reporting form
<[hidden email]> wrote:

> select bt_index_check(12345, true);
> -- result: ERROR:  heap tuple (0,2) from table "foo" lacks matching index
> tuple within index "i_foo"
>
> Despite the error message I suspect the index being ok since I can find the
> aforementioned tuples by using it:
>
> explain select * from foo where b='b' and c='c'
> -- result: Index Scan using i_foo on foo...
> select * from foo where b='b' and c='c'
> -- result: 2 rows

This looks like the same bug that I'm currently working through here:

https://postgr.es/m/CAH2-WznrVd9ie+TTJ45nDT+v2nUt6YJwQrT9SebCdQKtAvfPZw@...

I have a draft patch that fixes this, but I haven't quite decided if I
want to commit to the approach I've taken to normalizing TOASTed
tuples. I will definitely fix the externally maintained version
(amcheck_next) once this is settled. Thanks for the report.

--
Peter Geoghegan

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Re: BUG #15597: possible bug in amcheck/amcheck_next (or corrupted index?)

Peter Geoghegan-4
On Fri, Jan 25, 2019 at 9:57 AM Peter Geoghegan <[hidden email]> wrote:
> I have a draft patch that fixes this, but I haven't quite decided if I
> want to commit to the approach I've taken to normalizing TOASTed
> tuples. I will definitely fix the externally maintained version
> (amcheck_next) once this is settled. Thanks for the report.

I pushed a fix for this to contrib/amcheck, and to the externally
maintained amcheck_next codebase. There will be new set of point
releases of Postgres on February 14th, 2019. I'll see to cutting a new
release of amcheck_next shortly as well.

Thanks for the report!
--
Peter Geoghegan