I am better know how work with Microsoft SQL Server, but i try learn postgresql too for my work.
Question is why directory name not equal as database name? For example i create database named «test1» but in directory it will be something like 1564512 or whatever number is. Why directory name randomize as number, but not as text? Can i change it?
On Tue, 4 Feb 2020 at 06:01, squid ward <[hidden email]> wrote:
The name is not random it is the Oid of the database. You may not change it
In reply to this post by squid ward
=?UTF-8?B?c3F1aWQgd2FyZA==?= <[hidden email]> writes:
> Question is why directory name not equal as database name?
Because (1) it doesn't work for database names that aren't legal as
filenames (according to the none-too-well-standardized rules of your
particular filesystem); (2) SQL requires us to treat "FOO" and "foo"
as distinct names, but the filesystem might not; (3) renaming a database
is dangerous, as there's no way to make the directory rename action
atomic with commit of the system catalog updates; (4) renaming a database
causes problems for concurrent sessions that might be in the middle of
opening files in that database. And probably a few other reasons I
don't recall off the top of my head.
> Can i change it?
regards, tom lane
But why «FOO» and «foo» are different just for PostgreSQL? In other DBMS this not happend. Is it historical specific that difficult change?
I try ask in another way. If I will not rename dabases of existing PostgreSQL installation, but i configure PostgreSQL from the beggining, to make directory name equal to database name, or whatever existing installation or preparation before installation from zero i cant change this mechanism?
I try put example for understanding. I use PostgreSQL as backend for another applications. This applications use many people for accounting, hrm, erp, etc. In my case this applications have one vendor, but in the same time they all are separated. I mean in Microsoft SQL Server application called «Accounting» as frontend for users equal to Microsoft SQL Server database name «Accounting» AND equal directory name of database «Accounting». In PostgreSQL the last one is named by OID. Its passable when we have 1-5 bases, not much time waste to understand which database i am looking for, but when its over 10 databases its become difficult support and administrate. As sysadmin i support many companies where i come as remote specialist from time to time. Sometime in companies happen this: server crashed, no one configure backup with pg_dump, left only directory with bases PostgreSQL where inside list of OID databases, over 100 OIDs directory name that nothing mean. Some databases not critical for work, so can be connected later, but some databases asking connect very fast. So when i have 100 databases i even dont know what i need to do for understanding which one of this databases are «Accounting» database for example. In Microsoft SQL Server this never happen, just because database equal directory name.
In this example abstractedly question, how to attach PostgreSQL database when have just directory left from PostgreSQL with databases after server crashed without backup. In Microsoft SQL Server i know how do it in 2 click. Maybe this last paragraph with question i should ask in another mail list, but thanks in advance if answer this too.
Вторник, 4 февраля 2020, 19:20 +03:00 от Tom Lane <[hidden email]>:
On Fri, 7 Feb 2020 at 03:47, squid ward <[hidden email]> wrote:
This would be very difficult to change.
Well you have the source code and it may be possible to change it, but it's not a trivial change.
The simple answer to your question is to use the following query to find the name of the database
select datname,oid from pg_database
This will show you the names and the filenames of the database.
you can also query using the filename to see what database it represents
select datname,oid from pg_database where oid = 'oidfromfilename'
In reply to this post by squid ward
On 2/7/20 9:47 AM, squid ward wrote:
I try ask in another way. If I will not rename dabases of existing PostgreSQL installation, but i configure PostgreSQL from the beggining, to make directory name equal to database name, or whatever existing installation or preparation before installation from zero i cant change this mechanism?...
As others have explained, you cannot control the filenames
PostgreSQL uses to store databases, but you CAN control how
databases and tables are mapped onto the host OS filesystem so as
to ease DBMS administration, including for space management and
backup and recovery.
The PostgreSQL way of doing this is through the use of TABLESPACEs, which you can name with any valid PostgreSQL identifier not beginning with "_pg" (e.g., "Accounting"). From PostgreSQL documentation, chapter 22.6:
See also Section IV.I (Reference/SQL Commands), the "CREATE TABLESPACE" command and the TABLESPACE parameter of, e.g., the CREATE DATABASE command.
If you install PostgreSQL and create databases and tables using all defaults, you'll never even notice tablespaces, but to obtain the degree of control you seek, this facility has always been available and is well-documented.
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