pgsql: Allow complemented character class escapes within regex brackets
Allow complemented character class escapes within regex brackets.
The complement-class escapes \D, \S, \W are now allowed within
bracket expressions. There is no semantic difficulty with doing
that, but the rather hokey macro-expansion-based implementation
previously used here couldn't cope.
Also, invent "word" as an allowed character class name, thus "\w"
is now equivalent to "[[:word:]]" outside brackets, or "[:word:]"
within brackets. POSIX allows such implementation-specific
extensions, and the same name is used in e.g. bash.
One surprising compatibility issue this raises is that constructs
such as "[\w-_]" are now disallowed, as our documentation has always
said they should be: character classes can't be endpoints of a range.
Previously, because \w was just a macro for "[:alnum:]_", such a
construct was read as "[[:alnum:]_-_]", so it was accepted so long as
the character after "-" was numerically greater than or equal to "_".
Some implementation cleanup along the way:
* Remove the lexnest() hack, and in consequence clean up wordchrs()
to not interact with the lexer.
* Fix colorcomplement() to not be O(N^2) in the number of colors
* Get rid of useless-as-far-as-I-can-see calls of element()
on single-character character element names in brackpart().
element() always maps these to the character itself, and things
would be quite broken if it didn't --- should "[a]" match something
different than "a" does? Besides, the shortcut path in brackpart()
wasn't doing this anyway, making it even more inconsistent.