Commit eba77534 fixed an amcheck false positive bug involving
inconsistencies in TOAST input state between table and index. A test
case was added that verified that such an inconsistency didn't result in
a spurious corruption related error.
Test coverage from the test was accidentally lost by commit 501e41dd,
which propagated ALTER TABLE ... SET STORAGE attstorage state to
indexes. This broke the test because the test specifically relied on
attstorage not being propagated. This artificially forced there to be
index tuples whose datums were equivalent to the datums in the heap
without the datums actually being bitwise equal.
Fix this by updating pg_attribute directly instead. Commit 501e41dd
made similar changes to a test_decoding TOAST-related test case which
made the same assumption, but overlooked the amcheck test case.
Backpatch: 11-, just like commit eba77534 (and commit 501e41dd).